Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or “dry eye,” is a condition affecting many cats and dogs, most often older dogs. Some dog breeds are more prone to developing
Iris melanosis is a feline-specific condition where the iris becomes pigmented. The pigment is a result of melanocytes, or pigmented cells, inappropriately replicating and spreading
The various surgical procedures for cataract removal are demanding and require meticulous and precise microsurgical techniques. Surgery is performed using an operating microscope and microsurgical
Brachycephalic, or short-headed dogs, are characterized by short muzzles, or noses. Common breeds include bulldogs, pugs and Boston terriers. Brachycephalic syndrome is a common condition
What is Uveitis? Uveitis is inflammation of some portion of the uveal tract of the eye, which consists of the iris, ciliary body and choroid.
What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is characterized by increased intraocular pressure as a result of compromised intraocular fluid overflow. If your pet is developing glaucoma you
Pathophysiology of Retinal Changes The retina is a very thin tissue at the back of the eye (behind the iris and lens) that is closely
Causes Feline conjunctivitis is most frequently caused by an infectious agent, such as those explained below. Other causes include tear dysfunction, drug sensitivities, allergies, etc.
When a chronic, painful disease, such as glaucoma or uveitis, causes irreversible blindness, surgery may be recommended to make your pet more comfortable. One commonly
What is Horner’s Syndrome? Horner’s syndrome results from a disruption of the nerves that control parts of the eye. The autonomic (or “automatic”) nervous system
Nearly all cats are exposed to feline herpesvirus (FHV). Some develop more effective immunity against it than others, and many become carriers of the disease.
Distichia are abnormal eyelid hairs that arise from a gland in the eyelid known as the Meibomian gland and exit through its opening at the
Feline corneal sequestrum is an unusual corneal disease unique to domestic cats. It refers to the development of an opaque, dark brown to black plaque
A corneal ulcer involves a loss of tissue in the cornea (transparent covering) of the eye. Ulcers can be caused by trauma (bumps or scratches),
A nictitans gland prolapse occurs when the tear gland located behind the third eyelid, or nictitans, flips out of position. This tear gland is responsible
The lens of the eye is a living ocular tissue that is transparent when healthy. A normal lens helps to focus light on the retina,
Unfortunately, like humans, pets can lose their sight. Causes of blindness include retinal disease with no known treatment, glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment, serious eye injuries